Author Guidlines



Article structure

  • Title page
  • Abstract and key words
  • Background
  • Research Method
  • Result & Discussion
  • Conclusion and Suggestion


General guidance

  • Use American English
  • Use page layout with margin 3 cm, A4
  • 12 -16 pages length
  • Single space, single column, TNR 12 pt.


Essential title page information

  • Provide in separate page.
  • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author names and affiliations. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and the e-mail address of each author.
  • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure to provide the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Abstract & Key Words

A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Immediately after the abstract, please provide 3 until 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.

These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field at their first mention. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).


Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI).

If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.

Math formulae

Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use MS Equation to construct the formulae. Use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


Footnotes should be avoided. In the case that it is very important, used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

Color artwork

Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then we will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in black and white in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from us after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color in print.

Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to "gray scale" (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.


Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure.

A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article


Divide your article into clearly defined sections or subsections but no need to be numbered.

Sections are marked with full capital and subsections are marked with capitalized first letter for each word, underline and bold.


Keep appendices to minimum. If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering.


This style of referencing requires that you acknowledge the source of your information or ideas in two ways:

  • in the text of your work, when you refer to ideas or information you have collected during your research. Each reference is indicated by including the author/s (only surname) and year of the publication referred to, or cited.
  • in a reference list at the end of your text, which gives the full details of the works you have referred to, or cited.

Reference list

The reference list, normally headed 'References', should appear at the end of your work, and should include details of all the sources of information which you have referred to, or cited, in your text.

Order of items in the list

The items in the reference list are arranged alphabetically by the authors' surname. Where you have cited more than one work by the same author, those items are then arranged by date, starting with the earliest.

Format of citations in the reference list

The details which need to be included in each citation in the list depend on the type of item referred to, e.g. book, journal article, or website.

The details, or elements, which are included in most citations, should be presented in this order : author - date- title of work - title of larger work (if any) - publishing details


Bessant, J. 2001 'The question of public trust and the schooling system' Australian Journal of Education 45(2) 207-226.

Bessant, J. & Webber, R. 2001 'Policy and the youth sector: youth peaks and why we need them' Youth Studies Australia 20(1) 43-47.

Robbins, SP. 2004 Organizational behaviour 11th edn, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Robbins, SP & DeCenzo, DA. 2004 Fundamentals of management: essential concepts and applications, 4th edn, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Works by the same author, published in the same year.

In your reference list, order these works alphabetically according to the title of the work and use the letters a, b, c ... after the publication date to distinguish between them in your citations.

Reference list:


Blainey, G. 2003a Black kettle and full moon: daily life in a vanished Australia, Penguin/Viking, Camberwell, Victoria.

Blainey, G. 2003b The rush that never ended: a history of Australian mining, 5th edn, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Vic..

Scutt, JA. 2003a 'Future access - discrimination and the Disability Discrimination Act' Access 5(3) 6-10.

Scutt, JA. 2003b 'Without precedent: sex/gender discrimination in the High Court' Alternative Law Journal 28(2) 74-77.

Citing example:

Scutt (2003b) looks at the issues arising from the lack of High Court precedents in sex/gender discrimination law.